Construction of gas pipelines in Poland:
The prospect of 2018 – connected with the preparation and implementation of the most important investment tasks of the so-called North-South Corridor aimed at ensuring conditions for the construction of a regionally integrated gas market in the Central and Eastern European countries
The prospect of 2023 – completion of the national transmission system’s modernization in the eastern part of Poland and ensuring conditions for integration of the Baltic countries’ gas market with the Central and Eastern European countries’ market.
PRESENT NATIONAL TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
The transmission system is composed of two natural gas subsystems:
▪ methane-rich E;
▪ high nitrogen Lw.
The system of methane-rich natural gas forms the main system comprising:
Figure 2 Main E gas transmission lines:
Figure 3 High nitrogen gas system
The transmission system of high-nitrogen natural gas covers parts of western Poland on the area of the following provinces: Lubuskie, Greater Poland and Lower Silesia.
It is supplied with gas from deposits located in the Polish Lowland by the following gas mines:
- Zaniemyśl (Mchy) and Roszków.
Due to great differences in gas composition in respective gas mines, high-nitrogen gas composition is stabilized by adding methane-rich gas in gas mixing plants of Krobia and Grodzisk.
The methane-rich gas transmission system cooperates with underground gas storages that fulfil an extremely important role of a regulator covering inequality of demand for gas.
Storage System Operator is responsible for the safe operation and use of the methane-rich gas underground storage. The Storage System Operator has, among others, the following storages at its disposal:
Figure 4 Location of underground gas storages.
▪PMG Wierzchowice(deposit depleted);
▪ PMG Strachocina (deposit depleted);
▪ PMG Husów(deposit depleted);
▪ PMG Swarzów(deposit depleted);
▪ PMG Brzeźnica(deposit depleted);
▪ KPMG Mogilno (salt caverns);
▪ KPMG Kosakowo (salt caverns).
The transmission system operated by GAZ-SYSTEM S.A. includes a network of high pressure gas with the following items:
▪ gas pipelines with shut off and relief valve systems, connection systems, compressor station connection systems and nodes used for gas distribution;
▪ gas compressor stations;
▪ gas distribution nodes;
▪ gas stations with devices installed which are used to reduce, adjust and measure gaseous fuel.
Table 1. Technical characteristics of the Polish transmission system.
Over the years 2009-2015 GAZ-SYSTEM S.A. implemented an investment plan consisting in construction of over 1200 km of new transmission pipelines.The most important ones have been constructed in north-western and central Poland.
The investments implemented by GAZ-SYSTEM S.A. as well as the service of virtual reverse flow on the Yamal pipeline have resulted in significant improvement of Poland’s energy security by increasing the technical capacity to import gas from directions other than the East up to 90% of the imports implemented (until 2011 it was 9%).
GAZ-SYSTEM S.A. takes an active part in creation of an integrated network of gas pipelines in Central Europe and affects formation of the European gas sector.
Our proposals concerning development of the transmission infrastructure in Poland fit into the EU plans to create new connections increasing energy security and allowing to diversify natural gas supplies from new sources.
Over the years 2015-2025 GAZ-SYSTEM S.A. is going to construct more than 2000 km of gas pipelines in western, southern and eastern parts of Poland. Further expansion of the national transmission network, including construction of new gas pipelines within the the North-South Gas Corridor, as well as construction of inter-system connections with Lithuania, Slovakia and the Czech Republic will be an important contribution into development of the European transmission system.
Next infrastructural investments of GAZ-SYSTEM S.A. in the national transmission system will be implemented in western, southern and eastern parts of Poland.
2014-2023 Investment Program
The next stage of the Polish transmission system development will be construction of new gas pipelines within the North-South Gas Corridor, supported by the European Union, which will allow for full integration of the transmission infrastructure in this part of Europe.
For this purpose over the years 2014-2023 GAZ-SYSTEM S.A. intends to construct a total of approx. 2000 km of new gas pipelines in western, southern and eastern parts of Poland.
This prospect also provides for construction of new gas connections with the EU member states (e.g. Poland - Czech Republic, Poland - Slovakia, Poland - Lithuania).
They are, among others, the following high-pressure gas pipelines:
- Strachocina -Pogórska Wola
- Pogórska Wola-Tworzeń
- Tworóg-Kędzierzyn Koźle
- Rembelszczyzna-Mory-Wola Karczewska.
Figure 5 The course of the North-South Corridor.
Further expansion of the national transmission network, including construction of new gas pipelines within the the North-South Gas Corridor, as well as construction of inter-system connections with Lithuania, Slovakia and the Czech Republic will be an important contribution to development of the European transmission system. GAZ-SYSTEM S.A. investments are financed by the European Union.
Investments planned for 2016 – 2023
Figure 6. Investments continued and planned until 2023.
After completion, in 2014, of the implemented investments, it will be necessary to continue construction of the North-South Corridor’s next sections. Implementation of the investment program in the horizon of 2018 will make it possible to transfer large amounts of gas from the LNG Terminal to the south and east of Poland and to distribute the gas imported from the Czech Republic and Slovakia within the transmission system.
What is more, an investment is envisaged which will increase the system throughput in the area of the Łodż and Warsaw agglomerations as well as Lower Silesia.
Further expansion of the gas pipeline system must be supported by the construction of new or expansion of the existing gas compressor stations.
It is expected that new compressor stations will be built at Jeleniowo and Odolnów whereas the compressor station at Rembelszczyzna will be expanded.
After 2018 modernization tasks will be implemented on the main line: Rembelszczyzna – Wronów- Rozwadów – Jarosław – Hermanowice (eastern section of the North- South Corridor) and the western part of the North- South Corridor will be continued, as these investments result from both the market needs and the projected technical condition.
Construction of these pipelines will also make it possible to close down the south -eastern ring of the main transmission lines and will improve conditions of the effective conduct of gas traffic within the network.
- a total of– 34 public tenders have been selected – amounting to more than PLN 12 billion.
Gas transmission - Investment Priority 7.5
|The Awarding Entity||Type/ kind of investment||Location
|1||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 1000 gas pipeline Pogórska Wola - Tworzeń L=160 km||Małopolskie, Śląskie, Świętokrzyskie|
|2||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 1000 gas pipeline Zdzieszowice – Wrocław L=130 km||Opolskie, Dolnośląskie|
|3||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 700 gas pipeline Mory - Wola Karczewska - Rembelszczyzna
a. The section Mory - Wola Karczewska (approx. 91 km).
b. The section Rembelszczyzna - Mory (approx. 29 km);
|4||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 1000 gas pipeline Wronów - Rembelszczyzna (divided into two stages) L=135km||Mazowieckie, Lubelskie|
|5||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 1000 gas pipeline Strachocina - Pogórska Wola L=98 km||Podkarpackie, Małopolskie|
|6||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 1000 gas pipeline Rozwadów - Końskowola – Wronów L=103km||Lubelskie|
|7||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 1000 gas pipeline Tworóg – Tworzeń L=56 km||Śląskie|
|8||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 1000 gas pipeline Tworóg - Kędzierzyn L=47 km||Śląskie, Opolskie|
|9||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 700 gas pipeline Jarosław - Rozwadów L=60 km||Podkarpackie, Lubelskie|
|10||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 1000 gas pipeline Leśniewice – Łódź L=66 km||Łódzkie|
|11||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 500 gas pipeline Skoczów-Komorowice-Oświęcim L=51 km||Śląskie , Małopolskie|
|12||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 700 gas pipeline Szczecin – Gdańsk Stage V Goleniów – Płoty L=45 km||Zachodniopomorskie|
|13||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 500 gas pipeline JHermanowice - Jarosław L=39 km||Podkarpackie|
|14||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 1000 gas pipeline Zdzieszowice - Kędzierzyn L=19 km||Śląskie|
|15||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 700 gas pipeline Wronów – Kozienice L=30 km||Mazowieckie, Lubelskie|
|16||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 700 gas pipeline Jarosław – Głuchów L=30 km||Podkarpackie|
|17||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 300 gas pipeline Radlin-Racibórz L=21 km||Śląskie|
|18||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 700 gas pipeline Szczecin-Gdańsk, stage VI, section: Reszki - Wiczlino L=8 km||Pomorskie|
|GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||DN 700 gas pipeline Poland - Lithuania along the distance from Rembelszczyzna to the border of the Province 114 km||Feasibility Study|
|GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||Gas pipeline: Strachocina - border of the Republic of Poland (Poland - Slovakia connection), L=64 km (the diameter will still be determined in the course of the analyses)||Feasibility Study|
|GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Transmission||Gas pipeline: Rozwadów - Końskowola -Wronów along the distance from Rozwadów to the border of the province L=24 km (the diameter will still be determined in the course of the analyses)||Feasibility Study|
Gas storage - Investment Priority 7.5
|The Awarding Entity||Segment
|Type/ kind of investment||Location
|1||Lubień / PKN ORLEN S.A. Salt Mine||Storage||Construction of a cavern gas storage with the working capacity of 160 million m3 with accompanying infrastructure necesary for its construction and operation||Kujawsko-Pomorskie|
|2||GAZ-SYSTEM SA||Storage||Construction of a cavern underground gas storage in central Poland together with a connection pipeline||Kujawsko-Pomorskie|
|Storage System Operator/ PGNiG||
|Expansion of the present PMG Wierzchowice storage from 1,200 million m3 to approx. 2,000 million m3 of active capacity (increase by 800 million m3)||
|4||- as above -||Storage||Expansion of KPMG Mogilno storage. Increase of the storage working capacity from approx. 570 million m3 to 800 million m3 (increase by 230 million m3)||Kujawsko-Pomorskie|
|- as above -||
|Expansion of the storage capacity. Expansion of PMG Strachocina gas storage from the present working capacity of 330 million m3 to 1200 million m3 (increase by 840 million m3)||Podkarpackie|
|6||- as above -||Storage||Construction of KPMG Kosakowo gas storage with the working capacity of 125 million m3 together with the infrastructure||Pomorskie|
Gas distribution - Investment Priority 7.5
The Awarding Entity
Type/ kind of investment
|Distribution||Construction of Kościerzyna - Olsztyn gas pipeline approx. length: 305 km
|Pomorskie / Warmińsko -Mazurskie|
|2||- as above -||Distribution||Construction of Kosakowo - Gdańsk offshore pipeline, approx. length 57 km together with gas nodes and transshipment point||Pomorskie|
|3||- as above -||Distribution||Construction of the following high pressure gas pipelines: Łysomice - Otorowo – PGE Bydgoszcz, Kruszwica – Inowrocław and Sępólno Krajeńskie - Nakło||Kujawsko -Pomorskie|
|4||- as above -||Distribution||Reconstruction of high pressure gas system within the investment named “Łódź Bypass - Stage I” along a distance of approx. 46 km in order to improve the supply conditions of Lodz agglomeration||Łódzkie|
|5||- as above -||Distribution||Construction of gas pipelines in the Olsztyński District, length: 200km||Warmińsko -Mazurskie|
|6||- as above -||Distribution||Reconstruction of Sandomierz – Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski gas pipeline, length: 61 km||Świętokrzyskie|
|7||- as above -||Distribution||Reconstruction of Tworzeń - Łagiewniki gas pipeline in the area of Dąbrowa Górnicza, Będzin, Piekary Śl. and Bytom of the total length of approx. 39 km in order to improve the supply conditions of the Upper Silesia agglomeration||Śląskie|
|8||- as above -||Distribution||Construction of Kozienice-Radom gas network together with connections to the substation of a total length of 40 km.||Mazowieckie|
|9||- as above -||Distribution||Reconstruction of high-pressure gas pipeline Lubienia – Parszów - Kielce of approx. length of 57 km and construction of Masłów - Mójcza high-pressure gas pipeline of approx. length of 5 km||Świętokrzyskie|
|10||- as above -||Distribution||Construction of Witnica - Gorzów Wlkp. high pressure gas pipeline of approx. length of 40 km and construction of a gas station in Kostrzyn nad Odrą of approx. length of 12.5 km||Lubuskie|
Table 3. Expansion of GAZ-SYSTEM S.A. transmission network